Cook pasta according to package directions. Drain.
Melt butter in 10-inch skillet until sizzling; stir in garlic. Stir in all remaining ingredients except pasta and cheese. Cook over medium heat, stirring occasionally, until vegetables are crisply tender (4 to 6 minutes).
Stir in pasta. Continue cooking, stirring occasionally, until heated through (2 to 3 minutes). Stir in cheese. Serve immediately.